Wyoming DAO Taxation

How the DAO LLC pays taxes

What taxes are paid in Wyoming?

Wyoming has a state sales tax of 4%, a maximum local sales tax rate of 2%, and an average combined state and local sales tax rate of 5.22%. There is no personal income tax in Wyoming. Wyoming also has no corporate income tax. Wyoming's tax system ranks #1 in the 2022 Tax Climate Index.

When a Company or any other established as a DAO LCC receives property rent, does it pay corporation tax or any withholding tax prior to distributing income to its token holders?

A DAO LLC is a so-called “pass-through” organization in the understanding of US tax law. That is, there is no taxation at the company level, and taxes are paid at the level of token holders.

How will a payment be taxed for a Wyoming company if the members of the company are US residents, and how if they are non-residents?

Regardless of whether the member is a US resident or a non-resident, personal income tax by individuals or corporate tax by legal entities will be paid at the level of the individuals or companies who hold tokens of a company registered in Wyoming.
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Is a Wyoming company a withholding agent for members or not? In particular, does the company have to report on the remuneration paid to members (property rental income that the Company distributes)?

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Yes, the Wyoming company is the withholding agent of the members if they make these payments. The Company is obliged to submit reports in the following reporting year, which reflect all the amounts paid by the Company to such members, and provide other data, the mandatory submission of which is provided for by US tax law. The company has obligations of a withholding agent only for reporting but not for paying taxes for members.
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In the case where one company owns another company, where will the dividends be received, and how will they be paid?

The company is responsible for issuing the so-called "Schedule K-1" form to each company member. It is a record of the cumulative distributions received by that member during the year.
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Who is a withholding agent?

A withholding agent is any person, US resident or foreign resident, who controls, receives, or holds amounts subject to withholding rules and who is authorized to dispose or pay amounts under withholding rules. A withholding agent may be any individual, corporation, partnership, trust, association, or any other entity, including (but not limited to) any foreign intermediary, foreign partnership, and US branches of certain foreign banks and insurance companies. The person who pays (or arranges to pay) the amount to be withheld to the foreign person (or his agent) is generally required to withhold (not to be confused with a registered agent).
An enrolled agent is a person who has been given the privilege of representing taxpayers before the Internal Revenue Service, either by passing a three-part IRS comprehensive test covering individual and corporate tax returns or by experience as a former IRS employee. Tax authority authorized by the US government to represent taxpayers in matters relating to the IRS. EAs must pass an exam or have sufficient experience as an IRS officer and pass a background check.

No property taxes in the USA

When a member acquires ownership of real estate in the Company, it is important to understand that he is not buying the property directly. Instead, the member invests in the Company that owns the property.
According to the current legislation, it is impossible to fix the percentage of fractional ownership in the act of ownership of real estate.
The named deed of ownership is executed in the company's name (LLC or DAO). When a person acquires ownership of a property through the tokens representing this property, he actually buys the ownership and the right to manage the company - the owner.
How does a company pay tax, and what does a “pass-through” company mean?
The company is a pass-through organization for tax purposes, meaning that the organizationMulti-Member does not pay taxes but transfers this obligation to its owner (members).
Unlike a Single Member Company, a Multi Member Company is treated as a partnership for tax purposes. Partnerships are also cross-cutting entities but have several differences.
First, the partnership must prepare and file Form 1065. It basically summarizes the income and expenses incurred by the partnership for the tax year and the amount of profit/loss it received as a whole. Instead of the Partnership paying taxes on its profits directly, it shifts this responsibility to its members. Members of the partnership will pay their pro rata share of the profits of the partnership.
Form 1065 is then sent to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), but it is not sent to other countries or international agencies.

Who gets the Schedule K-1 form?

For any person, whether a U.S. citizen or a foreign citizen, who owns tokens and earns at least $0.01 of income through their ownership, Schedule K-1 is filed.
Even if a token holder has sold all of their tokens, received their rental income, and requested deletion of their account and personal data, they will still receive Schedule K-1 (through the company owning the interest in the property).

How is the tax period determined?

The tax year is treated as a calendar year, which means it starts on January 01st and ends on December 31st.
If a person joins the marketplace, for example, only in 2022, they will not receive any tax documents until 2023.

Does a person have to complete their Schedule K-1 forms?

No. All income, expenses and depreciation have been pre-filled in accordance with its proportionate ownership by the Owning Company for each object it owns.

How are taxes calculated if the member is not a US-origin investor?

Each country has its own rules for taxation and treatment of certain income. It should be understood how cryptocurrency is taxed in his country. This is because it is not known how other countries will treat property tokens as their tax authorities have not yet made a formal decision regarding property tokens through the marketplace.
In some countries, its assets may be treated as cryptocurrency or income from shares or other securities ownership. They will be subject to a very different tax treatment than real estate assets or income from foreign partnerships. We will gradually add to our knowledge base examples of potential taxation of income of members who are tax residents of different countries.

Company's annual report. Who can submit it?

Registered companies that are "Active" can use the Annual Report Wizard to submit their annual report.

When is the due date for the annual report?

A search must be done in the legal entities database to determine when the annual return is due. The easiest way is to search for the name.
The annual returns of corporations, LLCs, LPs, LLPs and SFs must be filed on the first day of the month of the anniversary of creation.

What do I need to create or how do I submit the report electronically?

The Secretary of State Filing ID is required. If a person does not have a Filing ID, they use the search parameters. For corporations, the names and addresses of officers and directors should work. For some organizations, current financial information is required to calculate the license tax.
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